This crucial heart English textbook, now in its 3rd variation, introduces scholars to the big variety of literature written in England among 1150 and 1400.
New, completely revised version of this crucial heart English textbook.
Introduces the language of the time, giving assistance on pronunciation, spelling, grammar, metre, vocabulary and neighborhood dialects.
Now comprises extracts from ‘Pearl’ and Chaucer’s ‘Troilus and Criseyde’.
Bibliographic references were up to date throughout.
Each textual content is observed by means of specific notes.
Read or Download A Book of Middle English (3rd Edition) PDF
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Additional info for A Book of Middle English (3rd Edition)
Cunne mahe mote schule past indicative sg. 4) ABOP1C04 35 wat wast wat witen wite wiste 8/5/04, 9:22 AM 36 Inﬂexions The verb willen, ‘to want, wish, will’, has the following forms in the language of the Ancrene Wisse and Gawain: Ancrene Wisse present indicative sg. 1 wulle 2 wult 3 wule pl. wulleg subjunctive sg. wulle pl. wullen past indicative sg. 1, 3 walde Gawain wyl(le), wol wyl(t) wyl wyl wyl wyl wolde There are negative forms for all parts of the verb, illustrated by wolle thow, nulle thow, ‘whether you wish it or not’ (subjunctive), 7b/153.
Dat. mon, man monnes men, manne men monne monne, manne, men Here the mutated form men may be dative singular as well as plural. This survival of the Old English pattern is exceptional, and other texts have the mutated form only in the plural. The genitive plural is elsewhere usually men(ne)s, but note men hacches, ‘men’s kitchen-doors’, 7a/29, and bondemen barnes, ‘villeins’ children’, 7a/70. ABOP1C04 23 8/5/04, 9:22 AM 24 Inﬂexions Other nouns of this type are: singular fot, ‘foot’ gos, ‘goose’ mous, ‘mouse’ tok, ‘tooth’ plural fet ges mys (mus 2/87) tek BroKer had the plural breKer, 9/39, but in the South an additional -en plural was often added, as in bretherne, 7b/217, whence Modern English ‘brethren’.
Acc. gen. dat. pl. (all cases) tun tunes tun or tune tunes After prepositions the noun in the singular sometimes has the dative -e, but is as often uninﬂected, and in later texts the inﬂexion is dropped altogether except in a few phrases such as of his live (rhyming with bilive), 5/583, for soKe (rhyming with to Ke), 9/415. The -es ending, often reduced to -s, becomes the general marker for the plural with few exceptions; the poems of the Gawain manuscript (represented by texts 8, 9 and 10) have y4en, ‘eyes’, and oxen.