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Extra info for A grammar of Sabané, a Nambikwaran language

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Nevertheless, such variations can be observed as in 187a Ò Ó ➬ Ô ❮ ❰ Ï ‘you’, cf. ma–, and in 94 Ò ì ➪ Û ➬ ➪ Ò ì ➪ Û ➬ ➮ ➪ ➶ ‘light’, cf. pasa–n. ✁ ✁ Preliminaries 23 Price reviews the literature on Nambikwara languages and concludes that all Nambikwara dialects (at least those for which word lists are available) can be connected to any of those three major groups. Price (1978: 28) finalizes his work presenting the following ratios between the cognate items in the three languages (K-Kithãulhu, M-Mamaindê, and S-Sabanê): Table 2: Percentage of cognates K–M K–S M–S Cognates: 116 95 81 Cases: 164 190 165 Percentage: 71% 50% 49% These ratios indicate the relationship among the Northern and Southern Nambikwara languages (even though these languages are unintelligible to each other), and the Sabanê.

As stated by the rule (01), every vowel will be long when stressed: ✪ (01) [+ syl ] → [+ long ] / ✧ __ ✩ ✦✥ + stress ★ The stress preference for bimoraic syllables is widely documented (cf. Pike 1947: 87). In (02), there are examples opposing the vowels / /, /✁ /, and /✂ /. (02) ala / ☞ / [✏ ✒ ✫ ✬ ✭ ✢ ] ‘to bake’ ela /✁ ☞ / [✏ ✓ ✫ ✬ ✭ ✢ ] ‘moon’ 29 Phonology ila ✂ / [✏ ✮ ✫ ✬ ✭ ✢ ] ‘spider monkey’ (Ateles species) ✜ ☞ The following pairs contrast /✄ / and /☎ /. (03) wayulu /☎ ✂ ☎ ☞ ☎ / [✏✯ ✰ ✬ ✱ ✲ ✬ ✑ ☞ ☎ ✣ ] ‘dog’ a✳ olu✳ / ✴ ✄ ☞ ☎ ✴ / [✏ ✵ ✴ ✬ ✶ ✬ ✑ ☞ ☎ ✣ ] ‘tatu-galinha, an armadillo species’ (Dasypus novemcinctus) (04) oluma /✄ ☞ ☎ ✷ ✡ / [✄ ✬ ✏ ☞ ✲ ✫ ✬ ✡ ] ‘tapir’ (Tapirus terrestri) kolowapi /✞ ✄ ☞ ✄ ☎ ✬ ✆ ✂ / [✞ ✄ ✬ ✏ ☞ ✶ ✸ ✬ ✯ ✢ ✬ ✑ ✆ ✂ ✣ ] ‘string’ A nasalization process is active in vowels (phonemically oral).

60. 61. 62a. 62b. 64. 65. 68a. 68b. 69. 70. 71. 72. 73. 75. 76a. 79. 80. 87. 90. 93. 95b. 96. 98. 99. 100. 102. 104. 106. ❪ ❛ ❝❢◆ ❬ ❘❯ ❤ ❜ ❝◆q ❥ ❴ ❘r ❘❙ ❘ ❨ ❩ ❢◆ ✐ r ❴ q ❜ ❢❣ ? ① ❖ ❛ ❜ ◆ ❤ ❡④ ❢ ◆ ❲ ❨ ❝ ❣ ◗ ❴ ❥ ❬ ❜ ❝◆ ? ❴ ❙❴ ❱ ❜ ❣ ❴ ❫ €❝ ❢◆ ❲ ❝ ◆ s ❨ ❜ ❝◆ ❲ ? ❱ ❛ t❳ ❢ ◆ € ❭ ◆ ❚ ❙❴ ❲ ❜ ❖ ❡ ◗ ♦◆ ♣ ❪ ❴ ❱ ❫♥ ✐ ❬ ❝ ❢♦❣ ♣❬ ❴ ❫ ❯ ❘❯ ❴ ✉ ❜ ♦❣ ♣❜ ◆ ❦ ? ❙❫❘❴ ❯ ❴ horn rain ashes snake scratch heart string run child give lie tooth two sleep he his rub listen I my knife speak beans liver arrow fire leaf fog tobacco swell there firewood clean (cf.

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