By Krista Ratcliffe
One of many few authors to outline and concentrate on feminist theories of rhetoric, Krista Ratcliffe takes Bathsheba’s hindrance as her controlling metaphor: "I have the emotions of a woman," says Bathsheba Everdene in Hardy’s faraway from the Madding Crowd, "but purely the language of men." even though men and women have varied relationships to language and to one another, conventional theories of rhetoric don't foreground such gender modifications, Ratcliffe notes. She argues that feminist theories of rhetoric are wanted if we're to acknowledge, validate, and handle Bathsheba’s trouble. Ratcliffe argues that simply because feminists in most cases haven't conceptualized their language theories from the viewpoint of rhetoric and composition stories, rhetoric and composition students needs to build feminist theories of rhetoric through using a number of interwoven innovations: getting better misplaced or marginalized texts; rereading conventional rhetoric texts; extrapolating rhetorical theories from such nonrhetoric texts as letters, diaries, essays, cookbooks, and different resources; and developing their very own theories of rhetoric. targeting the 3rd alternative, Ratcliffe explores ways that the rhetorical theories of Virginia Woolf, Mary Daly, and Adrienne wealthy can be extrapolated from their Anglo-American feminist texts via exam of the interrelationship among what those authors write and the way they write. In different phrases, she extrapolates feminist theories of rhetoric from interwoven claims and textual suggestions. by means of inviting Woolf, Daly, and wealthy into the rhetorical traditions and via modeling the extrapolation strategy/methodology on their writings, Ratcliffe indicates how feminist texts approximately girls, language, and tradition might be reread from the vantage element of rhetoric to build feminist theories of rhetoric. She rereads Anglo-American feminist texts either to reveal their white privilege and to rescue them from fees of na?vet? and essentialism. She additionally outlines the pedagogical implications of those 3 feminist theories of rhetoric, hence contributing to ongoing discussions of feminist pedagogies. conventional rhetorical theories are gender-blind, ignoring the truth that ladies and males occupy assorted cultural areas and that those areas are extra advanced via race and sophistication, Ratcliffe explains. Arguing that concerns akin to who can speak, the place you'll speak, and the way it is easy to speak emerge in lifestyle yet are frequently skipped over in rhetorical theories, Ratcliffe rereads Roland Barthes’ "The outdated Rhetoric" to teach the restrictions of classical rhetorical theories for girls and feminists. getting to know areas for feminist theories of rhetoric within the rhetorical traditions, Ratcliffe invitations readers not just to query how ladies were situated as part of— and aside from—these traditions but in addition to discover the results for rhetorical heritage, idea, and pedagogy. In extrapolating rhetorical theories from 3 feminist writers no longer ordinarily thought of rhetoricians, Ratcliffe creates a brand new version for reading women’s paintings. She situates the rhetorical theories of Woolf, Daly, and wealthy inside of present discussions approximately feminist pedagogy, really the interweavings of severe pondering, analyzing, and writing. Ratcliffe concludes with an software to instructing.
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Additional info for Anglo-American feminist challenges to the rhetorical traditions: Virginia Woolf, Mary Daly, Adrienne Rich
These intersections of the personal, the textual, and the cultural are important, for they construct spaces wherein the dominant ideology may be continually reinforced, rejected, or reimagined; such intersections force us to recognize that when we question textuality, we also question our cultures and ourselves. Discovering Sex and Gender Gaps in the Rhetorical Traditions Until recently, the rhetorical tradition commonly evoked such names as Aristotle, Cicero, Quintilian, Augustine, Cassiodorous, Peter Ramus, Hugh Blair, George Campbell, Richard Whately, I.
P. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. 1. American literatureWomen authorsHistory and criticism. 2. Feminism and literatureGreat BritainHistory20th century. 3. Feminism and literatureUnited StatesHistory20th century. 4. English literatureWomen authorsHistory and criticism. 5. Woolf, Virginia, 18821941Political and social views. 6. Rich, Adrienne CecilePolitical and social views. 7. Persuasion (Rhetoric) 8. Daly, Mary. 9. Feminism. I. Title. 48-1984. To Mary, Elaine, Win, and Kevin I thought as I wiped my eyes on the corner of my apron: Penelope did this too.
For texts may emerge differently given different cultural agent(s), space(s), and moment(s). As such, texts are not fetishized but are instead rendered subject to contextualized (re)constructions of meanings at various cultural sites of production and consumption. Texts may disturb personally Page 14 and culturally accepted ideas as well as effect personal and cultural transformations. At the same time, personal and cultural events may create the space for specific subjects or cultural forces to imagine, write, publish, or read such texts.