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By Jasmine Dum-Tragut

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Extra resources for Armenian: Modern Eastern Armenian (London Oriental and African Language Library, V. 14)

Sample text

In ³½³ïáõÃÛáõÝ azatut’yun [czctuthjun] “freedom”. k. Palatalisation of Lateral Approximant15 The Russian influence has also lead to a palatalisation of the alveolar lateral l preceding consonants, in the pronunciation of Russian loans in colloquial Armenian, such as ³ÉµáÙ albom [cljbfm] “album”, í³Éë vals [vcljs] “waltz”, ³ÉÙ³Ý³Ë almanax [cljmcncó] “almanac”, µáÉß»íÇÏ bolšewik [boljw7vik] “Bolshevik”, ÏáõÉïáõñ³ kultura [kuljtunc] “culture” etc. l. “Pseudo-vowel Reduction” in Russian Loans Loan words and personal names from Russian are also often pronounced with “Russian-like reduced vowels” in colloquial Armenian (but with “Armenian” stress on last syllable), as in [pcmidfn] < åáÙǹáñ pomidor “tomato”; [kfnf7t] < ÏáÝý»ï konfet “sweet, candy”; [Bcnis] < ´áñÇë Boris; [Vikt6n] < ìÇÏïáñ Viktor etc.

It follows an alveolar nasal [n] in the following words (and their derivations and compounds) ³Ý¹³Ù andam [cnthcm] “member”, ËݹÇñ xndir [ó6nthin] “problem”, ϻݹ³ÝÇ kendani [k7nthcni] “alive; animal”. g. Áݹ³ÑÝáõñ ěndhanur [6nthhcnun] “general”, Áݹ³Ù»ÝÁ ěndameně [6nthcm7n6] “in all, total”, ÁݹáõÝ»É ěndunel [6nthun7l] “to accept” and the name 껹ñ³Ï Sedrak [S7thnck]. g. in ³¹³Ù³Ý¹ adamand [cdcmcnd] “diamond”, ³í³Ý¹ avand [cvcnd] “deposit, investment”, Ãáõݹ t’und [thund] “strong”, ÃÇݹ t’ind [thind] “noise, sound” etc.

2006) Ilham Aliew-i xosk’-ov ir erkr-i Ilham Aliew-dat word-inst his country-dat hamberut’yun-n spa˚r-v-um ē. [……hcmph7nuthjun-nç6 s-pcrvum ] patience-nom-the runout-antic- ptcp. pres. ” . Please note that in colloquial, almost dialectal Armenian the schwa is also inserted between sibilant and plosive. There is one “cultural” word in Eastern Armenian, which conventionally uses this rather unusual pronunciation, the word ëå³ë spas [s6pcs] “yoghurt-soup”. g. [6spcs] or [spcs] as being typical for speakers without “real Eastern Armenian background”.

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