By Guillem Pons-Lladö MD., Francesc Carreras MD., Xavier Borrás MD., Maite Subirana MD., Luís J. Jiménez-Borreguero MD. (auth.)
Glossary four bankruptcy 1: fundamentals of Cardiac Magnetic Resonance and six common perspectives 1. 1 Definition and actual fundamentals 6 a. Definition and old history 6 b. actual fundamentals 6 1. 2 Technical Modalities 10 a. Spin echo 12 b. Gradient echo 12 c. quickly gradient echo thirteen d. really good ideas thirteen e. ideas less than medical research thirteen 1. three examine technique: general Anatomy thirteen a. Technical gear thirteen b. clinical body of workers thirteen c. instruction of the sufferer thirteen d. general MRI anatomy 17 References 17 bankruptcy 2: Ventricular Morphology and serve as: examine of 26 Cardiomyopathies 2. 1 Morphological learn of middle Chambers 26 a. Left ventricle 26 b. correct ventricle 31 2. 2 Ventricular functionality 31 a. Left ventricular functionality 31 b. correct ventricular functionality 33 2. three Cardiomyopathies 33 a. Dilated cardiomyopathy 33 b. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy 33 c. Restrictive cardiomyopathy 35 d. Arrhythmogenic dysplasia of the suitable ventricle 35 References 35 (f) bankruptcy three: bought illnesses of the Aorta 38 I c three. 1 Technical elements of the Aortic learn through MRI: Imaging the traditional Aorta 38 three. 2 Aortic Aneurysm forty three three. three Aortic Dissection and comparable Entities OJ forty three a. procedure for the examine of aortic dissection via MRI forty three I b. Differential analysis of aortic dissection through MRI forty seven References forty nine c o U . ;jj bankruptcy four: examine of Valvular center disorder fifty four four. 1 advent fifty four four. 2 pace Calculation and circulation Quantitation fifty four 4.
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Extra resources for Atlas of Practical Cardiac Applications of MRI
Pettigrew RI. Cardiovascular imaging techniques. In: Stark DD, Bradley WB, ed. Magnetic resonance imaging. St Louis: Mosby-Year Book; 1992: 1605-51. Atkinson DJ, Edelman RR. Cineangiography of the heart in a single breath hold with a segmented Turbo FLASH sequence. Radiology 1991; 178: 357-60. 6. Hartnell GG, Finn JP, Zenni M, et a!. MR imaging of the thoracic aorta: comparison of spin-echo, angiographic, and breath-hold techniques. Radiology 1994; 191: 697-704. 7. Revel D, Loubeyre P, Delignette A, Douek P, Amie!
The clinical role of magnetic resonance in cardiovascular disease. Task Force of the European Society of Cardiology, in collaboration with the Association of European Paediatric Cardiologists. Eur Heart J 1998; 19: 19-39. 7 Budinger TF, Berson A, McVeigh E, et a!. Cardiac MR imaging: Report of a Working Group Sponsored by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Radiology 1998; 208: 573-6. Hendrick RE, Raff U. Image contrast and noise. In: Stark DD, Bradley WE, ed. Magnetic resonance imaging.
Thus, a type A dissection limited to the ascending aorta would probably not require an abdominal study, while a dynamic study of the left ventricle would not be necessary in a type B dissection. b. of aortic dissection by MRI Since the cornerstone of the diagnosis of aortic dissection is the detection of the dissected intimal-medial membrane, it is important to be aware of some of the possible sources of uncertainty concerning its recognition using MRI. On one hand, there are normal anatomical structures or even artifacts that can lead to a false-positive diagnosis 12.