By Andreas Daum, Christof Mauch
This assortment examines the city areas of Berlin and Washington and offers a comparative cultural background of 2 eminent geographical regions within the smooth period. all the towns has assumed, every now and then, a legendary caliber and so they were noticeable as collective symbols, with objectives and contradictions that replicate the realms they symbolize. Such matters such stand within the centre of this quantity. The authors ask what those capitals have intended for the country and discover the kinfolk among structure, political rules, and social fact. subject matters diversity from Thomas Jefferson's principles in regards to the new capital of the us to the construction of the Holocaust memorial in Berlin, from nineteenth-century viewers to small-town Washington to the protesters of the 1968 pupil stream in West Berlin. This vigorous choice of essays speaks to audiences as assorted as historians, city sociologists, architects and readers drawn to cultural reports.
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Extra resources for Berlin - Washington, 1800-2000: Capital Cities, Cultural Representation, and National Identities
Hauptstadt, 175–89. , Der Denkmalstreit – das Denkmal? Die Debatte um das “Denkmal f¨ur die ermordeten Juden Europas”; Eine Dokumentation (Bodenheim, 1999); and Michael S. , Das Holocaust-Mahnmal: Dokumentation einer Debatte (Z¨urich, 1999). , Selling Places; and Lawrence J. , 2001). For some of the underlying theoretical concepts, see Nicholas B. Dirks, Geoff Eley, and Sherry B. , 1994); Henri Lefebvre, The Production of Space (Oxford,, 1991); Guy Debord, The Society of the Spectacle (New York, 1994).
At the beginning of the twentieth century, the Australian state commissioned an architect from Chicago, W. B. Griffin, to design its new capital, Canberra, as an expression of democratic 50 See Dietmar Schirmer’s chapter in this volume, also for the relevant literature, which is vast. General accounts are provided for Berlin by Alan Balfour, Berlin: The Politics of Order, 1737–1989 (New York, 1990); Thomas W. , Hauptstadt Berlin, wohin mit der Mitte? , Via Triumphalis: Geschichtslandschaft “Unter den Linden” zwischen Friedrich-Denkmal und Schloβbr¨ucke (Berlin, 1996); Brian Ladd, The Ghosts of Berlin: Confronting German History in the Urban Landscape (Chicago and London, 1997); and Godehard Hoffmann, Architektur f¨ur die Nation?
Griffin’s initial plan, imbued with the spirit of the City Beautiful Movement, granted Beaux Arts elements a prominent role. Emphasizing classical formalism and geometric patterns, the plan made provision for parks, artificial lakes, and broad avenues as well as street names and arrangements of buildings that symbolized Australia’s history. 53 The layout of the capital city of Brasilia incorporated the idea of pairing the principles of monumentality and equality. Lucio Cost`a’s master plan included identically formed residential districts around a slightly curved north–south axis.