By J. Crossland
James Crossland's paintings lines the heritage of the overseas Committee of the pink move' fight to deliver humanitarianism to the second one international conflict, through concentrating on its tumultuous courting with one of many conflict's key belligerents and masters of the blockade of the 3rd Reich, nice Britain.
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Additional info for Britain and the International Committee of the Red Cross, 1939–1945
On 24 June 1859, he was startled to witness the Franco-Sardinian army clash with Austrian forces near the town of Solferino, a battle which he watched from atop a nearby hill. Reflecting on this experience in 1862, Dunant wrote not only of the ‘hand-to-hand struggle in all its horror and frightfulness’ of the Battle of Solferino proper but also of the disturbing aftermath of the FrancoSardinian victory, which left a glut of wounded and dying. ‘Some, who had gaping wounds already beginning to show infection, were almost crazed with suffering.
This was the neutral state which, at the outbreak of war, would be assigned the task of looking after the interests of belligerents’ citizens in enemy territory. 51 As this was an accepted norm, when Ador offered the British the services of his delegates as camp inspectors the Foreign Office initially resisted. However, the timing of Ador’s appeal – the moment when concerns in Whitehall were heightening over the variable standards of treatment applied to British prisoners in Turkey and Germany – led the British not only to set up a committee to investigate instances of British prisoner maltreatment but also to agree to reciprocal inspections of POW camps by ICRC delegates.
The real problem lay in the fact that, for those in Britain enthused by the idea of new IHL, there were new avenues available besides Dunant or his erstwhile friends in Geneva to make the practice of war more civilized. During the ‘golden age’ of codification in the late nineteenth century, the main challenge to the ICRC’s role as guardian and chief architect of IHL came from St Petersburg where, in 1868, the very year Moynier tried to get the Geneva Convention revised, Tsar Alexander II called for his own international conference.