Archive For The “History Philosophy” Category
By Brendan Larvor
This assortment offers major contributions from a global community undertaking on mathematical cultures, together with essays from top students within the background and philosophy of arithmetic and arithmetic education.
arithmetic has common criteria of validity. however, there are neighborhood types in mathematical study and educating, and nice edition within the position of arithmetic within the higher cultures that mathematical practitioners belong to. The reflections on mathematical cultures accrued during this publication are of curiosity to mathematicians, philosophers, historians, sociologists, cognitive scientists and arithmetic educators.
By Lindley Darden
Reasoning in organic Discoveries brings jointly a chain of essays, which concentrate on essentially the most seriously debated themes of clinical discovery. gathered jointly and richly illustrated, Darden's essays characterize a groundbreaking foray into one of many significant difficulties dealing with scientists and philosophers of technology. Divided into 3 sections, the essays concentrate on large subject matters, particularly ancient and philosophical matters at play in discussions of organic mechanism; and the matter of constructing and refining reasoning techniques, together with interfield family and anomaly answer. Darden summarizes the philosophy of discovery and elaborates at the function that mechanisms play in organic discovery. during the ebook, she makes use of old case reports to extract advisory reasoning suggestions for discovery. Examples in genetics, molecular biology, biochemistry, immunology, neuroscience and evolutionary biology exhibit the method of discovery in motion.
By Richard Phillips Feynman, Laurie M. Brown
It is a number of medical papers by means of Richard Feynman, well known for his or her significant content material and the author's amazing kind. they're grouped via subject: course necessary method of the rules of quantum mechanics and quantum box concept, renormalized quantum electrodynamics, idea of superfluid liquid helium, conception of the Fermi interplay, polarons, gravitation, partons, machine idea, and extra. reviews on Feynman's subject matters are supplied via the editor, including biographical notes and an entire bibliography of Feynman's guides.
By Arthur W. Wiggins
Книга рассказывает о крупнейших проблемах астрономии, физики, химии, биологии и геологии, над которыми сейчас работают учёные. Авторы рассматривают открытия, приведшие к этим проблемам, знакомят с работой по их решению, обсуждают новые теории, в том числе теории струн, хаоса, генома человека и укладки белков.
Для широкого круга читателей.
By Dr. Matthew Eisler
It sounds so basic. simply mix oxygen and hydrogen in an electrochemical response that produces water and electrical energy, and you’ll have a fresh, effective energy resource. yet scientists have spent decades—and billions of bucks in executive and funding—developing the gas telephone. there were successes and serendipitous discoveries alongside the way in which, yet engineering a gasoline cellphone that's either sturdy and reasonable has proved terribly difficult.
Overpotential charts the twists and turns within the ongoing quest to create the precise gas mobilephone. by way of exploring the distance among the idea and perform of gasoline mobile strength, Matthew N. Eisler opens a window into broader matters within the background of technological know-how, expertise, and society after the second one global struggle, together with the sociology of laboratory lifestyles, the connection among academe, undefined, and executive in constructing complicated applied sciences, the function of know-how in environmental and toxins politics, and the increase of utopian discourse in technological know-how and engineering.
By joseph agassi
This publication is a research of the clinical revolution as a move of beginner technological know-how. It describes the ideology of the beginner clinical societies because the philosophy of the Enlightenment flow and their social constitution and how they made smooth technological know-how this sort of great establishment. It additionally exhibits what used to be lacking within the clinical association of technological know-how and why it gave solution to expert technological know-how in levels. specifically the booklet experiences the contributions of Sir Francis Bacon and of the Hon. Robert Boyle to the increase of contemporary technological know-how. The philosophy of induction is notoriously challenging, but its nice asset is that it expressed the view of the Enlightenment stream approximately technological know-how. This explains the ambivalence that we nonetheless convey in the direction of Sir Francis Bacon whose radicalism and imaginative and prescient of natural and utilized technology nonetheless a big element of the cloth of society. eventually, the e-book discusses Boyle’s philosophy, his contract with and dissent from Bacon and how he single-handedly expert a crowd of poorly proficient English aristocrats and rendered them into a military of capable beginner researchers.
By Toby A. Appel
Historians of the postwar transformation of technological know-how have concentrated principally at the actual sciences, particularly the relation of technological know-how to the army investment enterprises. In Shaping Biology, Toby A. Appel brings cognizance to the nationwide technological know-how origin and federal patronage of the organic sciences. Scientists through education, NSF biologists was hoping within the Nineteen Fifties that the hot business enterprise may develop into the federal government's leader customer for uncomplicated study in biology, the single corporation to fund the full variety of biology―from molecules to usual background museums―for its personal sake. Appel lines how this imaginative and prescient emerged and built over the following and a part many years, from the actions of NSF's department of organic and clinical Sciences, based in 1952, in the course of the chilly battle enlargement of the Nineteen Fifties and Nineteen Sixties and the restrictions of the Vietnam battle period, to its reorganization out of lifestyles in 1975. This background of NSF highlights basic tensions in technology coverage that stay suitable at the present time: the pull among uncomplicated and utilized technological know-how; investment participants as opposed to investment departments or associations; elitism as opposed to distributive guidelines of investment; problems with purple tape and accountability.
In this NSF-funded examine, Appel explores how the business enterprise built, the way it labored, and what distinction it made in shaping sleek biology within the usa. in accordance with previously untapped archival assets in addition to on interviews of members, and development upon earlier old literature, Shaping Biology covers new floor and increases major concerns for additional learn on postwar biology and on federal investment of technological know-how in general.
By C. Fred Alford
Booklet via Alford, C. Fred
By Horace Freeland Judson
Scientists are development explanatory buildings, telling tales that are scrupulously established to work out in the event that they are tales approximately genuine lifestyles. as a result of new details, we modify the ways that we view the realm. we're not quite a bit the guts of items any longer, due to technological know-how. We suppose misplaced, or a minimum of now not but stumbled on. we're not as knowledgeable approximately our function within the universe as we notion we have been a couple of centuries in the past. Is it a subject matter, or a puzzle, or a conundrum, or a drawback, or a recipe?