By Gene William Heck
Gene W. Heck explores the function of Islam in precipitating Europe's 12th century advertisement renaissance. picking out that Europe's medieval feudal interregnum was once mostly as a result of indigenous governmental company law and never via shifts in overseas alternate styles, he demonstrates how Islamic financial precepts supplied the ideological rationales that empowered medieval Europe to flee its three-decade-long scan in "Dark Age economics" - within the strategy, delivering the West with its archetypic instruments of capitalism.
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154–155. 58 H. Pirenne 1974a, pp. 65–66. 59 See J. W. Thompson 1959, vol. 1, pp. 264–266; idem. 1915, pp. ; D. Munro and G. Sellery 1914, pp. 133–135; R. LaTouche 1967, pp. ; G. Luzzatto 1961, pp. 20–21, 112 ff. 30 Chapter 1: Medieval Christian Europe in Stasis Paris that were collected during the yearly “Festival of St. Denis” to the Monastery of St. 60 Another edict issued by Charlemagne in 183/799 provided immunity from market tolls to the Monastery of St. 62 In 238/852, the Church of St. 63 In 239/853, the Monastery of St.
23 On this, see M. Scott 1964, pp. ; R. H. C. Davis 1970, pp. ; H. ; J. Strayer and D. ; N. F. Cantor 1967, pp. ; F. L. Ganshof 1963, pp. 16 ff. 1. What Did Destroy the Entrepreneurial Spirit of Gaul? 21 This latter function, “definer of knowledge of the faith,” soon became Monk Alcuin’s mandate. For the “Palace School” was but one of his responsibilities. He concurrently served as the Crown’s “educational advisor” – and in this lofty role, he enjoyed significant rule-making authority. Indeed, through a series of edicts that were announced at annual Church Councils, he and Charlemagne set into motion the process of transforming Gaul into a theocratic state.
6–10; on this topic, also see D. Munro and G. Sellery 1914, pp. 135 ff. 61 Diplomata Karolinorum I: Pépin le Bref, Carloman, Charlemagne, 1940, vol. 1, 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 no. 122, pp. 170–171. Recueil des Historians des Gaules et de la France, 1760, vol. 8, p. 450. , vol. 8, p. 520. , vol. 8, p. 522. , vol. 8, pp. 59–60. , vol. 8, p. 555. , vol. 8, p. 562. , vol. 8, p. 584. , vol. 8, p. 59. 1. What Did Destroy the Entrepreneurial Spirit of Gaul? 31 Indeed, because of its commercial, industrial, and agricultural undertakings, the Church now grew exceedingly rich at the expense of both the masses and the State.