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By Janis Endzelins, William R. Schmalstieg, Benjamiņš Jēgers, C. H. Van Schooneveld

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Author note: William R. Schmalstieg (Translator), Benjamiņš Jēgers (Translator),
C. H. Van Schooneveld (Editor)

This booklet is a broadcast model of my college lectures; as a result, it omits insignificant information. From between features common to simply one of many Baltic languages, merely the extra vital ones were discussed.

Quotations from my Lettische Grammatik are taken from the second one version which was once released in Latvian in 1951 with an analogous paragraph numbers.

I have thought of it pointless to copy all of the literature quoted in my Lettische Grammatik.

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Additional resources for Comparative Phonology and Morphology of the Baltic Languages (Slavistic Printings and Reprintings, Volume 85)

Example text

K — corresponds to Gk. β, δ, Lat. ν, Osean, Umbrian and Old Irish b, Goth. g. Latv. gùovs 'cow': Arm. kov, Old Irish bö, Old Low German ko, Russ. zoendma 'beef', Skt. gäuh 'cow; ox', Gk. βοΰς; Lith. núogas 'naked', Latv. dial, nuôgs 'poor': OCS. nagb 'naked', Skt. nagna-h, Goth, naqaps. c) In the third place, Baltic g — like Slavic g, z, (d)z — corresponds to Skt. , Celtic and Germanic g, Gk. χ, Lat. g. Lith. geïsti 'to wish, to desire', Latv. gàidît 'to wait for', Pr. gëide '(they) wait': OCS.

Plur. masc. tits 'those' (on the basis of gerùs, the acc. plur. masc. ), nom. sing. fem. sì 'this' and nom. sing. fem. fi 'she' (because of enclitic position or on analogy with patì 'wife; herself, nom. sing, fem. ), bits '(it) will be' — third person future tense of bâti — (perhaps in enclitic position, cf. Latv. ). COMMENT: The distribution of the endings -ys and -is in Lithuanian nouns stands in some relationship to the accent class. See W. R. Schmalstieg, 'Lithuanian Nouns in -ys', Annali, Istituto orientale di Napoli, III (1961), pp.

Etc. ; for this see Le. , § 20b and the literature cited therein. Some Baltic words with ur, ul, un or urn have a pejorative sense as Stang, St. , Ill, 171 has noted. COMMENT: According to another view the u in the groups ur, ul, um, un developed in position following a velar consonant, see Jerzy Kurylowicz, L'apophonie en indo-européen (Wroclaw, 1956), pp. 227-43 and André Vaillant, Grammaire comparée des langues slaves, I (Lyon-Paris, 1950), pp. 171-3. c) In Latvian a Baltic u before ν or è has become i in some cases, see Le.

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