By Dominique Willems, Bart Defrancq, Timothy Collerman, Dirk Noel
It is a publication approximately comparability in linguistics typically, instead of "contrastive research" as a special department of linguistics. It addresses the query "Does the analytical gear utilized by linguists permit comparisons to be made throughout languages?" 4 significant domain names are thought of in flip: derivational morphology, syntax, semantics & pragmatics, and discourse. Contributions hide a large spectrum of linguistic disciplines, starting from contrastive linguistics and linguistic typology to translation stories and historic linguistics.
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Additional info for Contrastive Analysis in Language: Identifying Linguistic Units of Comparison
The two meanings are associated with different morphosyntactic properties. Fai SAY is a non-ergative verb, selecting an absolutive subject, as in (11a) and (11b): (11a) Ona toe fai atu lea ‘o le fafine, ‘Se … then again say DIR then ABS the woman friend Then the woman said again, ‘Friend, … ’ (Mosel 1987: 459) (11b) Na e fai mai au you say hither PERF You said he has died? PAST oti? die Fai DO, on the other hand, selects an ergative subject, as in (12a) and (12b) below. As well, fai DO often occurs in the so-called long (suffixed) form fai ϭ a, which is usual when an ergative verb is preceded by a pronoun, even when fai DO is used in a non-transitive frame, as in sentence (12b).
Language in a psychological setting’, Sophia Linguistica, 22 (1987), pp. 1–73. Comrie, B. Language Universals and Linguistic Typology (Oxford: Blackwell, 1981). 38 Contrastive Analysis in Language Croft, W. Radical Construction Grammar (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002). Cruse, D. A. Lexical Semantics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986). J. ‘Semantics of Spanish causatives involving HACER’, Australian Journal of Linguistics, 13(2) (1993), pp. 165–84. Diller, A. ‘Thai’, in C. Goddard and A.
Head (16c) Ngaanyi ϭ ma ø-ma-iy what? ϭ I/I 3SGS-MA-PAST What did she feel? guda? 4 Apparent ‘overdifferentiation’ Example : Two words for ‘thing’ in Japanese Anna Wierzbicka has long insisted that SOMETHING is a semantic prime, while allowing that in English (as in many languages) this meaning has a combinatorial variant (namely thing), which occurs in combination with specifiers and quantifiers. Some languages, however, appear to distinguish ‘concrete things’ from ‘abstract things’, thus drawing into question the unitary nature of the proposed prime SOMETHING.