By Gaëtanelle Gilquin
English causative structures with cause, get, have and make are frequently mistakenly provided as (quasi-)synonymous and roughly interchangeable. This booklet demonstrates the worth of corpus linguistics in selecting the syntactic, semantic, lexical and stylistic good points which are unique for every of those structures. It additionally underlines the usefulness of delivering corpus reviews with a pretty good theoretical beginning through displaying how corpus linguistics might be fruitfully mixed with cognitive linguistics, that's used either as a kick off point for the research (top-down process) and as a framework in which to interpret the corpus effects (bottom-up approach). From a methodological perspective, the research illustrates the complementarity of corpus and elicitation information, and provides instruments and techniques that may be used to enquire different syntactic buildings. eventually, the ebook additionally has a pedagogical measurement in that it examines how the learn findings should be utilized to international language educating.
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Extra resources for Corpus, Cognition and Causative Constructions (Studies in Corpus Linguistics)
To cause the show to be cancelled). 2), it enables the user to retrieve causative constructions with a very long causee, as in (7), or with a non-canonical order, as in (8), where the causative verb and the effect directly follow each other and the patient (the tunnel [that]) precedes the causer (Olivia Vereno). 6 6. Missed causative constructions seem to be the result of errors in parsing. While get in the first sentence below is, as expected, labelled as a “transitive” verb, it is not in the second sentence, despite its similarity to the first one.
Besides this denial of an autonomous linguistic faculty, cognitive linguistics is, according to Croft & Cruse (2004), characterised by two other major hypotheses. One is the view of grammar as conceptualisation. It is argued that “conceptual structure cannot be reduced to a simple truth-conditional correspondence with the world” (ibid. 3). Reality may be construed in different ways, and language is made to reflect these construals, for example by choosing between several alternative expressions for one and the same situation (consider the classic example of the glass that is half empty or half full).
From the point of view of cognitive linguistics, the combination with corpus linguistics confirms (and in fact actualises) its status as a “usage-based model”, Chapter 2. Corpus linguistics and theory truly reflecting usage as attested in corpora. The model goes beyond introspective judgements, and by using the tools and methods of corpus linguistics, cognitive linguistics gains in descriptive adequacy and linguistic plausibility, since it bases its claims on empirical evidence. This mutual enrichment can be summarised by Schönefeld’s (1999: 153) statement that the cognitive assumptions represent a valuable complement to the facts revealed by the analyses of massive amounts of language data in that they go beyond the stage of “merely” stating facts.