By Orlando Figes
The poor clash that ruled the mid nineteenth century, the Crimean struggle killed no less than 800,000 males and pitted Russia opposed to a powerful coalition of england, France and the Ottoman Empire. It used to be a struggle for territory, provoked by way of worry that if the Ottoman Empire have been to break down then Russia may keep an eye on a tremendous swathe of land from the Balkans to the Persian Gulf. however it used to be additionally a battle of faith, pushed by way of a fervent, populist and ever extra ferocious trust via the Tsar and his ministers that it used to be Russia's activity to rule all Orthodox Christians and regulate the Holy Land. Orlando Figes' significant new ebook reimagines this remarkable warfare, within which the stakes couldn't were greater and which used to be fought with a bad mix of ferocity and incompetence. It used to be either a recognisably sleek clash - the 1st to be largely photographed, the 1st to hire the telegraph, the 1st 'newspaper war' - and a standard one, with illiterate infantrymen, novice officials and enormous casualties because of affliction. the enduring moments of the battle - the cost of the sunshine Brigade, the Siege of Sebastopol, the influence of Florence Nightingale - are all right here, yet there's additionally a wealthy feel of the Crimea itself and the tradition that was once destroyed by means of the battling. Drawing on an incredible diversity of attention-grabbing assets, Figes additionally supplies the lived event of the warfare, from that of the normal British soldier in his snow-filled trench, to the haunted, gloomy, slender determine of Tsar Nicholas himself as he vows to tackle the full global in his hunt for spiritual salvation.
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Additional info for Crimea: The Last Crusade (Allen Lane History)
The radio is a factor of extraordinary importance. At moments when war fever is more or less palpitating in every one in a region or a country, the inspiring, burning word increases this fever and communicates it to every one of the future combatants. It explains, teaches, fires, and fixes the future positions of both friends and enemies. However, the radio should be ruled by the fundamental principle of popular propaganda, which is truth; it is preferable to tell the truth, small in its dimensions, than a large lie artfully embellished.
The woman is capable of performing the most difficult tasks, of fighting beside the men; and despite current belief, she does not create conflicts of a sexual type in the troops. In the rigorous combatant life the woman is a companion who brings the qualities appropriate to her sex, but she can work the same as a man and she can fight; she is weaker, but no less resistant than he. She can perform every class of combat task that a man can at a given moment, and on certain occasions in the Cuban struggle she performed a relief role.
The big health problems among people in these conditions are rooted in their total ignorance of elementary principles of hygiene. This aggravates their already precarious situation. The collection of taxes, as I have already said, is also a function of the general council. Warehouses are very important. As soon as a place is taken that is to serve as a base for the guerrilla band, warehouses should be established in the most orderly fashion possible. These will serve to assure a minimum care of merchandise and, most important, will provide the control needed for equalizing distribution and keeping it equitable at later times.