By Igor Lukes
The Munich challenge of 1938, during which nice Britain and France determined to soothe Hitler's calls for to annex the Sudentenland, has provoked an unlimited quantity of old writing. yet historians have had, beforehand, just a imprecise figuring out of the jobs performed by means of the Soviet Union and by means of Czechoslovakia, the rustic whose very life was once on the heart of the crisis.
In Czechoslovakia among Stalin and Hitler, Igor Lukes explores this turbulent and tragic period from the recent viewpoint of the Prague executive itself. on the heart of this research is Edvard Benes, a Czechoslovak international coverage strategist and a tremendous participant within the political machinations of the period. The paintings analyzes the Prague Government's makes an attempt to safe the lifestyles of the Republic of Czechoslovakia within the treacherous area among the millstones of the East and West. It reports Benes's courting with Joseph Stalin, outlines the position assigned to Czechoslovak communists via the VIIth Congress of the Communist foreign in 1935, and dissects Prague's mystery negotiations with Berlin and Benes's position within the well-known Tukhachevsky affair. utilizing mystery documents in either Prague and Russia, this paintings is a correct and unique rendition of the occasions that sparked the second one global battle.
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Extra info for Czechoslovakia between Stalin and Hitler: The Diplomacy of Edvard Benes in the 1930s
The report from Moscow on the negotiations with Maxim Litvinov is of 2 April 1921. 89. This provision was expressed in a note attached to Article I of the treaty; both parties agreed to sever all contacts with organizations and individuals whose mission it was to struggle against either of the two signatories. 90. The document was signed by Dr. Vaclav Girsa and Jan Dvorácek for Czechoslovakia and by Pavel Nikolayevich Mostovenko for the Soviet Union. The Provisional Treaty was analyzed by Jan Dvorácek.
The government was well informed about this organization. 117 The ministry circulated this unique document throughout the government in Prague, as well as to several exposed regional police command posts. The papers obtained by the Foreign Ministry included as an attachment a circular note signed by Yan Unschlicht. It ordered GPU personnel abroad to seek out Russian émigrés and lure them back to the Soviet Union; to place Soviet agents in anti-Bolshevik organizations; to recruit among prominent émigrés, especially among those who had been tsarist officials or army 20 Czechoslovakia between Stalin and Hitler officers; to cause and maintain conflict and dissent inside the émigré community; and to focus on seeking out Russian women who lived in the loneliness and poverty of exile to help perform these tasks.
The Czechoslovak Ministry of Defense protested against this clause, pointing out that it would be perceived as hostile in Warsaw and Bucharest. The Ministry for Foreign Affairs, however, prevailed. 92. AMFA, Second Section, box 564. The status of the Czechoslovak mission in Kharkov was established on 5 October 1923, when Prague and Moscow signed the so-called Provisional Agreement. 93. Ibid. The first mention of the Soviet mission in the official diplomatic record, Úfední list, was on 25 September 1923.